Chlamydia in women symptoms: Is chlamydia curable?

Chlamydia in women symptoms
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Chlamydia in women is a cause of concern. You should know about chlamydia infection if you are sexually active. Protecting yourself is better than treating chlamydia infection.

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Chlamydia and gonorrhea are common sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Having unprotected sexual intercourse raises the chance of contracting the disease. It is easy to treat chlamydia in women, so keep reading to learn more about it.

What causes chlamydia in women?

Chlamydia trachomatis is the bacteria that causes chlamydia infection in women. Most women do not know they have contracted chlamydia in the early stages. It is because C. trachomatis is a silent infection as symptoms are mild or absent most times. Complications can arise if you do not treat c. trachomatis early. These complications can damage a woman’s reproductive organs.

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How many people have chlamydia?

Chlamydia is the most common STI reported in the United States, with 1.7 million cases in 2017. About 2.86 million infections occur yearly, mostly asymptomatic. C. trachomatis affects 4.2% of women and 2.7% of men worldwide.

Who is most at risk of chlamydia in women?

Young women between the ages of 15 to 24 years are more at risk. The infection rate in women is about twice that of men. In 2009, most of the cases noted were younger than 30 years.

How do people get chlamydia?

You can get chlamydia through sexual contact – vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Although you cannot get chlamydia from kissing, a person with a throat infection can transmit it. Chlamydia in women can Infect babies during childbirth.

It can infect your eyes by simply touching them. Chlamydia eye infection is rare and can occur during hand-to-eye contact. In simple terms, there are many ways you can transmit chlamydia infection. Sexual contact is the most common method of spread. Testing for chlamydia infection early can help reduce the spread and prevent complications.

Can you develop chlamydia on your own?

Fortunately, It is not possible to contract chlamydia infection on your own. Chlamydia in women spreads mostly during sexual contact.
Chlamydia does, however, thrive in semen, vaginal fluid, and pre-ejaculate. The pre-ejaculate is the fluid the penis releases before the sexual climax. So it is better to have a latex condom on during sexual intercourse and avoid unprotected contact.

How is chlamydia transmitted?

The transmission of chlamydia in women is mostly through unprotected sexual contact.

The easy transmission is because chlamydia in women is often asymptomatic. So, someone you know can have the infection without knowing. Remember that only about 10% of infected persons show symptoms of chlamydia in women.

How do you get chlamydia without being sexually active?

Chlamydia can spread to different parts of your body without being sexually active.

Chlamydia in women can spread from the vagina to the anus during wiping after using the toilet. Unless you have a physical limitation, it’s best to wipe from front to back. This method of wiping helps to keep feces away from the urethra. If you have a chlamydia infection, it will be better to wipe your vagina and anus separately. It will prevent the spread of chlamydia to the anus.

Although chlamydia eye infection is rare, it still occurs in women with chlamydia infection. Chlamydia eye infection can occur if you touch your eyes with an infected hand. If you have a chlamydia infection in your vagina, ensure to wash your hands always before touching your eyes.

During the delivery process, you can transmit chlamydia infection to your baby. Mother to child infection occurs when your baby is passing through the cervix.

There are lots of ways by which you can transmit the infection. It is better to avoid chlamydia infection than to treat it. To protect yourself and your partner, go for a chlamydia test at the beginning of your relationship.

How did I get chlamydia if my partner doesn’t have it?

You do not need to have multiple sexual partners to have a chlamydia infection. Transmission of chlamydia in women occurs mostly during sexual intercourse. You can get the infection when you come in contact with the body fluids from an infected person.

Are you guaranteed to get chlamydia if your partner has it?

There is no guarantee that you will contract chlamydia infection if you have sex once with your partner. However, there is a 30% chance of picking up chlamydia infection during sexual intercourse.

Chlamydia in women symptoms

Symptoms of chalmydia
Symptoms of chalmydia

What are the symptoms of chlamydia in women? The issue with chlamydia infection is that it is mostly asymptomatic.

Most people you know would have the infection but not showing any symptoms. About 40-70% of women with chlamydia infection are asymptomatic. If they are unaware of the infection and asymptomatic, they will not seek medical attention.

Transmission of chlamydia in women can still occur despite the lack of symptoms. When symptoms occur, they begin about 5-10 days after infection. Note that it may take a longer time for symptoms to show up, so prevention is better than treating it.

In most cases, complications arise before you know you have the infection. Chlamydia in women initially attacks the cervix and urethra. The cervix is the opening into the uterus, while the urethra is the urine canal.

Women with chlamydia infection notice vaginal discharge and a burning sensation when urinating. Chlamydia in women can spread from the cervix to the fallopian tubes. At this stage, most women won’t have any symptoms.

The few women that have symptoms complain of

  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Pain when urinating
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Low back pain
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Pain during intercourse

Irreversible damages can occur whenever chlamydia infection spread past the cervix.

Complications of chlamydia in women

Inadequately treated chlamydia infection in women can lead to:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Infertility
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Mucopurulent cervicitis
  • Cystitis – Inflammation of the urinary bladder.

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How long can you have chlamydia before it causes damage?

The incubation period of chlamydia is 1-3 weeks after infection. The symptoms may be absent during this period. Inadequate treatment of chlamydia infection can damage the reproductive system. PID can result when chlamydia spread to the uterus and Fallopian tubes.

How is chlamydia diagnosed?

Diagnosis of chlamydia in women requires both urine and vaginal samples. The test involves isolating the bacteria – Chlamydia trachomatis. The test involves an examination of the cervix and collecting vaginal samples with a Dacron swab.

A Pap smear (cytology) might indicate the need for a chlamydia test. However, a pap smear is not reliable in the diagnosis of chlamydia infection.

Chlamydia and pregnancy: Is chlamydia curable?

Chlamydia and pregnancy
Chlamydia and pregnancy

When a pregnant woman has a chlamydia infection, it can cause

  • Heavy bleeding before delivery
  • Premature delivery
  • Miscarriage
  • Stillbirth
  • Low birth weight

Luckily, the treatment of chlamydia in women is successful in nine out of ten pregnant women. The antibiotics for the treatment of chlamydia infection must be chosen carefully during pregnancy. So make sure to consult your doctor or health care provider.

Chlamydia infection can infect the baby during vaginal delivery. These babies develop eye or lung infections and might need antibiotics.

How can chlamydia be prevented?

How can chlamydia be prevented
How can chlamydia be prevented

Most people with chlamydia infection do not know they have it. Transmission can occur during unprotected sexual intercourse. Safe sexual behavior can help reduce the spread of chlamydia in women and men. Also, seeking proper health care is necessary for the early diagnosis and treatment of the infection. Always encourage the use of condoms during sex.

  • It is important to use latex or polyurethane condoms every time you have sex. It will help you reduce the chances of contracting the infection. A condom worn throughout sexual intercourse can protect the male and female partner from chlamydia. Should there be any limitations in using the male condom, you can consider a female condom.
  • Other birth control methods do not prevent chlamydia infection. Examples include contraceptive shots, oral contraceptive pills, or implants. Women on these contraceptives use condoms during sex to prevent STDs.
  • It is important to note that condoms do not provide 100% protection from all STDs.
  • Reduce the number of sex partners
  • Practice sexual abstinence
  • Get a screening test.

For more information, please visit the CDC website.

Chlamydia symptoms pictures

Chlamydia symptoms in women

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