Fertile days after period are those days that you are likely to get pregnant if you engage in sexual intercourse or artificial insemination.
Artificial insemination is a fertility treatment method in which sperm is delivered directly to the cervix or uterus. Artificial insemination helps to improve your chances of getting pregnant. There are different ways to calculate and keep track of your peak fertility days. In this article, we are going to be discussing them.
But before we go forward, let’s talk about the science behind your fertile days after period.
You need to know that your fertile days after period is all about ovulation. Yes, ovulation.
What is ovulation? Ovulation is the release of an egg from your ovary into your fallopian tube. It usually occurs 13-15 days before your period and varies from one woman to another.
If you are looking to get pregnant, you need to have sexual intercourse or artificial insemination days before you ovulate or the day you ovulate. Your fertile days or peak days for fertility are five days before you ovulate or the day you ovulate.
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For instance, if your period starts on the 1st day of the month, your fertile days after period will be days 10-17 of the same month. Note that the above range is only an average as it varies between women. Some women can ovulate as early as day 10, while others are as late as day 20 of their menstrual cycle.
Women’s cycles are not average as some may be irregular. When regular, they may be shorter or longer than 28 days. These variations affect the time of ovulation (fertile days after period).
Rhythm method for natural family planning
The rhythm method is also called the calendar rhythm method or just the calendar method. It is a natural family planning technique. You need to keep track of your menstrual history to help you predict when you will ovulate.
The rhythm method has been in use for many years to prevent pregnancy. It can also help you determine when you are likely to ovulate.
To use the rhythm method, you have to keep track of your menstrual cycle for 6-12 months/cycles. You have to note the day your period starts and when it ends. You will subtract 18 from the number of days in your shortest menstrual cycle. The result will represent the first fertile day of your menstrual cycle.
Similarly, subtract 11 from the number of days in the longest. The result will be the last fertile day of your menstrual cycle.
Rhythm method calculation
For example, If your shortest cycle length was 20 days and the longest, 29 days. To use the rhythm method, you need to subtract 18 from the shortest cycle length (20 as earlier stated). So, 20-18 = 2 (this is the first day of your fertile period).
The rhythm method is not reliable and less likely to work when you have irregular periods. There are lots of online fertile period calculators. They work with the first day, last day, and the length of your period.
You can get most of these kits over the counter from your local drug store. These kits measure the presence of the luteinizing hormone (LH) in your urine. Luteinizing hormone is one of the main hormones that regulate the reproductive system. To use the ovulation predictor kits, you have to urinate on a stick for the week before you expect to ovulate. When LH is present in your urine, it means you are in a fertile period for one to three days.
Cervical mucus discharge
The best period to have intercourse to get pregnant is when you observe the most fertile cervical mucus. The cervical mucus discharge looks like raw egg white, and you notice it a few days before ovulation. It becomes more slippery as you get closer to the day of ovulation. The cervical mucus helps the sperm cells get to their target area for fertilization to take place.
Changes in Basal Body Temperature
Another useful method to identify your fertile days is basal body temperature charting. Your basal body temperature is the temperature when you are resting. The first temperature you get in the morning before you start moving around is the basal body temperature. There is an increase in the basal body temperature when the ovary releases an egg.
So, your temperature can help you know when you are ovulating. The change is so small, about half a degree, that you need to get a special thermometer. The fertile cervical mucus is more accurate compared to the basal body temperature method. Many factors can affect your basal body temperature. Some of these factors include stress, alcohol, and infection.
More sex is better than less
Having sexual intercourse at least 2-3 times a week will be better than waiting for your ovulation period. The chances of getting pregnant increase with more sexual intercourse. Also, there will be less stress or strain on both partners/relationships.
Can you get pregnant 2 days before fertile window?
The only time you can get pregnant is during your ‘fertile window’ in the menstrual cycle.
Your chances of getting pregnant increases if you have sex on the day you are ovulating, or two days before.
The sperm cells can live in the fertile cervical mucus for up to 5 days. So, you can get pregnant if you have sex 5-6 days before ovulation.
Fertile days after period: FAQ
What are the chances of getting pregnant 3 days before ovulation?
To improve your chances of becoming pregnant, you need to know about your fertile days and how you can identify them. If you have sex 2-3 days before ovulation, it improves your chances of getting pregnant by 20-30%.
What is the difference between ovulation and fertility?
Ovulation is dependent on the woman, and it is the release of an egg from the ovary into the fallopian tube. It occurs every month in a woman and usually 10-16 days before the onset of menstruation. Fertility, on the other hand, is the ability to reproduce. Fertility issues can occur in both men and women. It may be as a result of several factors like age, health status, etc.
How do I know if I am fertile enough to get pregnant?
If you have a 28-day menstrual cycle, and your period arrives regularly, you’ll likely ovulate on day 14. That’s about the middle of your menstrual cycle. Your fertile window or days begins on the 10th day. You’re likely to get pregnant if you have sex between days 10 and 14 of your 28-day cycle.
How long does it take for sperm to reach the egg and get pregnant?
It may take about 30mins for fast swimming sperms or days for slow swimming sperms to get to the egg. During ejaculation, a man releases between 40-150 million sperm cells that swim towards the egg. The sperm cells can be alive for 4-5 days in the cervical mucus.